Arbitration is an alternate independent body to resolve a dispute as an alternative to the court system.
When drawing up a contract, you can specify that in the event of a dispute, arbitration will be the jurisdiction to resolve it. Although it is possible to select more than one arbitrator to hear a case, the default number of arbitrators will be set to unless specified to the contrary. If the parties in a dispute are not able to agree on who the arbitrator will be, the arbitration centre will select one independently. It is possible to appeal that decision if either party has a valid cause to do so. It is also possible to appeal against the selected arbitrator if they are, for example, not independent, impartial or correctly qualified. Any such challenge needs to be made within 5 days of discovering any problem or discrepancy.
Some of the ways to appoint an arbitrator are as follows
a- Through the court,
b- Through the Arbitration center
c- By specific request by name
It is mandatory to appoint the selected arbitrators in odd numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9. Under the Civil Procedure Code, Federal Law No. 11 of 1992, Article 206, ensure there can be no ‘stalemate’ in the matter. It goes without saying that any arbitrator appointed should be of sufficient capacity and good standing hence:
a- The arbitrators should not be a minor
b- He/she should not be guilty of a criminal offence
c- They should not be deprived of their legal capacity