Introduction to Terms of Reference in UAE

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In law and indeed in many blogs pertaining to law, you will come across the phrase ‘Terms of Reference’. In broad, simple terms, this is a document in which scope and limitations are to be defined.

This document is used in International Arbitrations signed as an agreement between the parties and the arbitrator which defines the time period (usually 6 months if not defined), terms, language and place of arbitration. The intention is to make the arbitration proceedings quicker and to facilitate the implementation (execution) of the outcome of that arbitration.

Terms and conditions defined in a Terms of Reference govern the arbitration proceedings under civil and arbitration rule in the UAE.

Operating under these express Terms of Reference has the added benefit of ensuring there is far less opportunity or possibility for an arbitration award to be annulled.

The information provided in the Terms of Reference should include the dispute itself, right of appeal, submissions of particulars (the facts) and defense of the parties involved.