Skip to main content

Child Custody and Guardianship Cases in UAE | Hire Expert Lawyers in Dubai UAE

Child custody and guardianship cases are emotionally sensitive and legally complex matters that arise when parents or caregivers cannot agree on the care and upbringing of a child. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), these cases carry significant importance as they involve the well-being and future of minors. The UAE’s legal system is grounded in Islamic law and principles, which influences how child custody and guardianship issues are approached.

The UAE’s legal system operates based on a combination of both civil law and Islamic Sharia law. Family matters, including child custody and guardianship cases, are primarily governed by Sharia law. The Personal Status Law (Federal Law No. 28 of 2005) outlines the rules and regulations pertaining to family matters and provides guidelines for resolving child custody disputes.

In the UAE, there are two main types of child custody recognized under the law:

1. Custody of the mother (Haidan): According to Islamic law, custodial rights belong primarily to the mother, especially for young children (up to the age of 11 for boys and 13 for girls) in the event of divorce or separation. This principle is based on the belief that the mother is best suited to provide nurturing and emotional support during a child’s early years.

2. Custody of the father (Hadana): Once the child reaches the designated age (11 for boys and 13 for girls), the father has the right to take custody. However, the court retains the discretion to decide otherwise if it is in the best interest of the child.

When deciding child custody and guardianship cases, the UAE courts prioritize the best interests of the child. Several factors are considered during the process, including:

1. Child’s Age: The age of the child plays a significant role in determining custody. Younger children are generally placed with the mother, while older children’s preferences may be considered by the court.

2. Financial Capability: The court examines the financial capability of both parents to ensure the child’s basic needs, education, and overall well-being are adequately met.

3. Stability and Environment: The court assesses the living conditions and stability provided by each parent to determine the most suitable custodian.

4. Parental Fitness: The conduct and character of each parent are evaluated to ensure that the child will be raised in a safe and nurturing environment.

In addition to child custody, guardianship is another critical aspect of UAE family law. A guardian is responsible for the child’s welfare, education, and medical decisions when both parents are unable or unwilling to fulfill these duties. According to Article 146 of the UAE Personal Status Law, the mother is considered the natural guardian of a child, followed by the father. However, in the case of the mother’s absence or incapacity, the father assumes the role of the guardian. If neither parent is available or suitable, a close relative may be appointed as the guardian by the court.

Child custody and guardianship cases in the UAE are of utmost importance, as they directly impact a child’s well-being and future. The country’s legal system seeks to ensure that decisions are made in the best interests of the child, considering various factors such as age, financial capability, stability, and parental fitness.

Understanding the nuances of UAE family law and working with competent legal professionals is crucial for parents or caregivers involved in such cases. Ultimately, the goal is to provide a stable and nurturing environment for the child to grow and thrive, fostering their emotional and physical development in the years to come.

Read more

Latest Articles