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Inheritance Cases in UAE | Hire Expert Lawyers in Dubai UAE

Inheritance laws are a vital aspect of any legal system, shaping the distribution of assets and wealth among family members after a person’s passing. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), inheritance laws hold great significance as they touch upon cultural, religious, and legal principles.

The UAE follows the principles of Sharia law for its Muslim citizens, which heavily influences inheritance matters. Sharia law prescribes fixed shares for different categories of heirs, ensuring fairness in the distribution of the deceased’s estate. Sharia designates a specific share for each category of heirs, such as sons, daughters, parents, spouses, and siblings. The sons receive a higher share than the daughters, and parents may inherit in the absence of children. Under Sharia law, certain shares are considered inalienable, meaning they cannot be altered or overridden by a will. This concept, known as “Faraid,” ensures that specific heirs receive their rightful portions. The principles of Sharia law are considered public order, and inheritance matters are usually adjudicated in Sharia courts.

For non-Muslim expatriates residing in the UAE, inheritance laws are governed by the country’s civil law. Non-Muslims have the option to choose either their home country’s laws or the UAE civil law for the distribution of their assets upon death. The UAE civil law upholds the concept of “forced heirship,” meaning that a certain portion of the estate must be reserved for specific family members, such as the spouse and children. This ensures the protection of certain heirs’ rights, regardless of any provisions in a will.

Non-Muslim expatriates have the freedom to create a will that adheres to their personal preferences and cultural norms, allowing them to distribute their assets according to their wishes.  It is advisable for non-Muslims to have their wills officially registered to ensure their wishes are legally recognized and executed as intended. The UAE’s diverse expatriate population brings a variety of legal systems into play for inheritance matters. Individuals from different countries may have differing laws governing inheritance, which can complicate matters in the absence of proper legal planning.

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In inheritance cases, disputes may arise due to different interpretations of the applicable laws or disagreements among the heirs over their entitlement to the estate. In such cases, parties involved may seek legal recourse by filing a case in the UAE courts. The court will review the relevant laws, evidence, and documentation to make a decision on the distribution of the deceased’s assets.

Understanding inheritance laws is essential for both citizens and expatriates residing in the UAE. Whether governed by Sharia law for Muslims or civil law for non-Muslims, the proper allocation of assets is crucial to ensuring family members’ financial security and honoring the wishes of the deceased. As these laws are subject to change and interpretation, it is wise to seek legal counsel to navigate the complexities of inheritance matters. By proactively planning and considering cultural and religious factors, individuals can ensure a smooth and fair distribution of their assets and foster peace of mind for their loved ones during challenging times.

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