An arrest warrant in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a legal document issued by a competent authority, typically a judge, that authorizes the apprehension and detention of an individual suspected of committing a crime. An arrest warrant is issued for detention of a person by a competent authority who committed a criminal offence under Article 45-46 of the Federal Law Number 3 of 1987 concerning the Penal Code or who fails to oblige with the final judgment of execution court under Federal Law Number 11 of 1992 regarding the Civil Procedure Code.
This warrant empowers law enforcement agencies to take the individual into custody to ensure their appearance in court to face charges. The process of obtaining and executing arrest warrants in the UAE follows a specific set of rules and regulations to protect the rights of both the accused and the state. An arrest warrant under criminal law is issued if the public prosecutor has sufficient evidence of his guilt, whereas, under the Civil Law, the arrest warrant can be issued by a judge of Execution court, should the debtor fails to submit the claim which is more than AED 10,000.
To obtain an arrest warrant, the UAE authorities must provide substantial evidence to the judge that establishes probable cause for the individual’s involvement in a criminal offense. This requirement is essential to prevent arbitrary arrests and safeguard individual liberties. The evidence can include witness testimonies, physical evidence, documentation, or any other relevant information that supports the allegations against the suspect.
In the UAE, arrest warrants can be issued for a range of offenses, from minor misdemeanors to serious felonies. The legal system operates under the principle of Sharia law for personal status matters and federal law for criminal cases, ensuring that the legal process adheres to Islamic principles and universal standards of justice. Once an arrest warrant is granted, law enforcement agencies have the authority to execute it. They can apprehend the suspect at any location, including private residences, workplaces, or public areas.