Month: August 2020

bounced cheque in dubai uae

NEW REGULATIONS FOR BOUNCE CHEQUES UNDER UAE LAW

BOUNCED CHEQUES LAW IN UAE | CHEQUES REGULATIONS IN UAE

A common predicament faced in the business realm is the risk of possessing dishonored cheques. For this reason, in order to protect and provide remedy against this act, UAE Federal Penal Code imposed criminal sanctions on those persons drawing bounced cheques. On Article 401 of Federal Law No. 3 of 1987 imposes penalty by way of fine or imprisonment – for an amount of not less that AED 1,000 and not more than AED 300,000 imprisonment of not less than one more and not more than three years may be decreed by the court, as the case may be.

Therefore, it is always been resorted to and have been a practical legal means for creditors to file a criminal complaint for the bounced cheque along with a civil case for recovery of the amount disputed for collection. And since it has been a common practice, this criminal courts dockets are heavily congested and clogged as a result. And in order to ease and strive to reduce the burden from police, public prosecutors and criminal courts and to tighten the gravity of the penalties in low value claims, UAE legislators have introduced and amended the provisions of the bounce cheque laws providing a speedy resolution by introducing “ONE DAY COURT” and revised the circumstances on the imprisonment aspect of bounced cheque.

ONE DAY COURT – this new system allows resolution of minor bounced cheque cases to be determined and decision to be issued within 24 hours.  This is an effective way pf facilitating UAE judicial system for speedy determination of minor cases and to strengthen la laws of UAE for misdemeanor. Courts in the Emirates of ABU DHABI, DUBAI and RAS AL KHAIMA have been established successfully resolving minor bounced cheque cases.

On the other hand, the new law allows the criminal courts to impose only fine on simple crimes without imprisonment. To challenge the order of the court, objections may be filed within 7 days and this matter will be dealt with by the criminal court in the normal procedures as applicable. “SIMPLE CRIME” is categorized as per the cheque value of AED 200,000 or less and a fine of not exceeding AED 5,000 to AED 10,000 will be imposed. Cases for the aforesaid cheque value can be sentence by the Dubai Public Prosecution directly without any need of court procedure, however, the imposition shall be for a fine only and cannot exceed AED 5,000 to AED 10,000 as the case may be.

If you are looking to recover value of a bounced cheque with the help of debt collection lawyer? Our team of AL REYAMI ADVOCATES & MUHYEALDEEN INTERNATIONAL LEGAL CONSULTANTS can help you deal with all the cases concerning bounced cheques. For further consultation and legal assistance CONTACT US.

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delayed handover dubai projects

UAE INVESTORS LEGAL REMEDIES FOR PROPERTY HANDOVER DELAYS

Property Handover Delay in Dubai | Cancelled Projects in UAE

Investors and builders in Real Estate sector are commonly hurdled by issues pertaining to the timely hand over of the property. This kind of dispute often causes enormous financial loss from investor’s pocket. Therefore, UAE legislators implemented laws to protect the claims of the investors who opt to deal with properties in off plan cases. However, several / difference legal options available for handover delays would mainly depend upon the terms and conditions mentioned in the contract.

Take for example, if the main reason of delay is within the context of force majeure (clause in the contract exonerating liability for unavoidable circumstances, such as catastrophes), then the purchaser will be unable to terminate the contract nor claim compensation for delay from the contractor/developer.

However, if the main cause of delay is imputed primarily due to the failure of the contractor/developer to perform its obligations set out in the contract resulting to breach thereof, then the purchaser may resort to the following legal remedies:

  • Termination of the agreement
  • Claim compensation for such delay (this must be expressly stipulated in the signed agreement between the parties and the purchaser must prove that the delay has caused substantial losses which is detrimental to the purchaser). Pursuant to UAE law, purchaser can claim compensation for the following: (i) Interest; (ii) Deposit; (iii) Legal and Agent fees; and (iv) any other amount accrued as determined and proved.

The above-mentioned legal remedies can be done by filing a claim in Dubai courts for litigation or if the parties have agreed in the contract for alternative dispute resolution, an arbitration case can be filed. Decision decreed in both the resolving avenues will be binding on all the parties related to the dispute.

In some instances, investors can also inquire with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority for delayed projects and cancelled project before the committee if the property is cancelled by RERA. Thus, Judicial Committee for liquidation has exclusive jurisdiction over any dispute related to cancelled projects and no other court or arbitration proceedings are permitted to decide on any stalled projects. Investors have the right to lodge their claims directly to the Judicial Committee in this regard.

Hence, before filing any legal case or seeking any settlement, it is very important to first review the terms and conditions of the signed contract between the parties. It is also noteworthy to check whether the property is registered with DLD and approved by RERA. Conducting a due diligence prior to lodging a claim will greatly be an advantage towards the investor in getting the aid needed and resort to the best remedy to protect its rights and interest.

If you are facing issued of property handover delays, legal opinion and assistance from experts will be indispensable. We at Al Reyami Advocates & Muhyealdeen International Legal Consultants has expert property lawyers in Dubai that can help you review and revisit the contract and provide you our legal opinion and assist you properly in enforcing your legal rights and remedies provided under the laws of United Arab Emirates. You may contact us for further information and consultation.

For Free Legal Consultation, Call Us Today!