Category: Banking Law

Debt Collection In Dubai UAE 2021

Debt Recovery And Collection In The UAE (No Win, No Fee)

The United Arab Emirates is a country of amazing opportunities, which consists of approximately of 90% of expats who came to work, live and study in this country, raise and educate their children here, and who are very pleased with their choice thanks to the state policy aimed at harmonious, sustainable development and ensuring security of all who came to the UAE.

However, due to natural circumstances, such as Covid-19 for example, or deliberate illegal actions, organizations and individuals have to face a situation where they cannot receive the money promised to them under the contract or due to them.

Inevitably, they have to face an unpleasant and difficult situation of debt collection, look for ways to get the funds that they owe, as well as compensation and losses that they have suffered because of the delay of promised payments.

Clients of our law firm Hassan Al Reyami & Muhyealdeen International Legal Consultants often turn to us for help in debt collection and over many years of successful work in this area, our team of debt recovery lawyers and experts have been able to accumulate a lot of positive experience in resolving these issues.

Debt Recovery Process

Let’s take a look at the basic stages of debt collection that you have to go through to get a debt, sometimes you have to go through all of them, sometimes we manage to solve the issue at the first stage of collection, depending on the documents provided and the debtor’s ability to pay. They are pretty clear and strong:

  1. Drafting Legal Notice
  2. Mediation
  3. Litigation
  4. Enforcement

In addition, a final stage is – Settlement agreement, which can take place at each stage of debt collection.

Why do I need debt collection lawyers?

In our law practice, we faced with a variety of cases of non-repayment of debt due to different reasons and circumstances, and often the malicious intent of the debtor. The most common situations of non-repayment of debt includes the following:

  • Unpaid Cheques
  • Bounced Cheques
  • Unpaid Invoices
  • Unpaid Salaries
  • Unpaid Loans
  • Unpaid Service Benefits
  • Bad Debts
  • Delinquent Account Receivables
  • Commercial Debts
  • Insurance claims
  • And a lot more

At the first stage, we try to resolve the issue through mediation with the debtor, through negotiations, submission of documents justifying the debt, explaining to the debtor the consequences that non-payment of the debt can lead to, but we also do not forget that our collection case may end up in court, and therefore, we must issue a legal notice to the debtor with an indication of the amount, legal basis and the timing of debt repayment. We also have to take into consideration limitation of time to have a chance to claim the debt.

Quite often in our legal practice, but unfortunately not always, the mediation process leads to resolving the issue of collection in favor of our client.

The best outcome of mediation and negotiations with the debtor on debt collection is the signing of a settlement agreement with him on the repayment of the debt and the release of the relevant documents and the failure to proceed with the process in court proceedings, in which our law firm has accumulated extensive experience, having signed many amicable and settlement agreements and collected debts out of court to deep satisfaction of our customers.

If it is impossible to resolve the issue by an amicable agreement, the client is forced to go to court to resolve the issue of debt collection. Over the years of its more than twenty years of legal practice, Hassan Al Reyami & Muhyealdeen International Legal Consultants has accumulated vast experience in debt collection in the courts and arbitration of the United Arab Emirates.

We had litigated in over 160 international and over 200 local arbitrations and court cases with an outstanding client satisfaction rating of 98% and completed over 5000 court case and arbitrations in total with high success rate. We have accreditation in all the courts in the United Arab Emirates and have local advocates in our team, which can present our clients before local courts.

A debt collection case won in the court is not a guarantee that you will receive your debt. A very important and difficult stage is the collection process, which includes investigating the property, accounts and assets of the debtor. Therefore, in the process of debt collection, it is necessary to legally competently provide that the debtor could not withdraw or hide his assets, thereby depriving you of the possibility of collection.

Why we recommend contacting debt collection specialists

The main reason for the failure of the collection of the tax is that the client is often not familiar with the laws of the UAE or does not understand them well, cannot properly draw up his claim, is in a stressful state, has chosen the wrong strategy for collecting a debt, and sometimes he simply cannot agree or talk in the same language as the debtor or his lawyers. For the creditors is also very important to come into contact with debtors as soon as possible, because he can have another creditors and because of that, there could be a lag behind other creditors demanding payments.

Regardless of the complexity of your debt collection case, Hassan Al Reyami & Muhyealdeen International Legal Consultants can assist you in debt collection in United Arab Emirates, and our legal practice covers all seven Emirates in United Arab Emirates. No win – no fee, this is the guarantee of our work for you.

bounced cheque in dubai uae

NEW REGULATIONS FOR BOUNCE CHEQUES UNDER UAE LAW

BOUNCED CHEQUES LAW IN UAE | CHEQUES REGULATIONS IN UAE | BOUNCED CHEQUE CASE IN DUBAI UAE

A common predicament faced in the business realm is the risk of possessing dishonored cheques. For this reason, in order to protect and provide remedy against this act, UAE Federal Penal Code imposed criminal sanctions on those persons drawing bounced cheques. On Article 401 of Federal Law No. 3 of 1987 imposes penalty by way of fine or imprisonment – for an amount of not less that AED 1,000 and not more than AED 300,000 imprisonment of not less than one more and not more than three years may be decreed by the court, as the case may be.

Therefore, it is always been resorted to and have been a practical legal means for creditors to file a criminal complaint for the bounced cheque along with a civil case for debt recovery of the amount disputed for collection. And since it has been a common practice, this criminal courts dockets are heavily congested and clogged as a result. And in order to ease and strive to reduce the burden from police, public prosecutors and criminal courts and to tighten the gravity of the penalties in low value claims, UAE legislators have introduced and amended the provisions of the bounce cheque laws providing a speedy resolution by introducing “ONE DAY COURT” and revised the circumstances on the imprisonment aspect of bounced cheque.

ONE DAY COURT – this new system allows resolution of minor bounced cheque cases to be determined and decision to be issued within 24 hours.  This is an effective way of facilitating UAE judicial system for speedy determination of minor cases and to strengthen laws of UAE for misdemeanor. Courts in the Emirates of ABU DHABI, DUBAI and RAS AL KHAIMA have been established successfully resolving minor bounced cheque cases.

On the other hand, the new law allows the criminal courts to impose only fine on simple crimes without imprisonment. To challenge the order of the court, objections may be filed within 7 days and this matter will be dealt with by the criminal court in the normal procedures as applicable. “SIMPLE CRIME” is categorized as per the cheque value of AED 200,000 or less and a fine of not exceeding AED 5,000 to AED 10,000 will be imposed. Cases for the aforesaid cheque value can be sentence by the Dubai Public Prosecution directly without any need of court procedure, however, the imposition shall be for a fine only and cannot exceed AED 5,000 to AED 10,000 as the case may be.

If you are looking to recover value of a bounced cheque with the help of debt collection lawyers? Our team of AL REYAMI ADVOCATES & MUHYEALDEEN INTERNATIONAL LEGAL CONSULTANTS can help you deal with all the cases concerning bounced cheques.

For Free Legal Consultation, Call Us Today!

Bounced Cheque Dubai UAE Law

Is Bounced Cheque a Criminal Case in UAE?

A bounced cheque which is also known as a dishonored or returned cheque is a non-sufficient funds cheque that cannot be processed because of the following reasons:

  • There is not enough money in the account of the drawer on the date the cheque was issued.
  • The bank account had closed prior to the encashment of the cheque.
  • There is a technical problem such as a mismatch in the signature on the cheque and the signature in the bank’s records.
  • The account holder instructed the bank to hold the payment.

The UAE has its set of repercussions for cases of bounced cheques and criminal charges are strictly imposed on people who present a cheque with insufficient funds or with full knowledge that it will not be cleared.

According to Article 632 of the Commercial Transaction Law, in the event of a default in the processing of a cheque due to any of the reasons stated above, a period of 3 days may be given to the cheque bearer to contact the drawer for the possibility of funding the cheque. Should the drawer be unavailable for communication within the given period, the drawee or cheque bearer has the right to take legal action. In such a case, the drawee can file a criminal complaint about the bounced cheque along with a civil case for the recovery of the cheque amount. The civil case will provide the drawee with an assurance that the amount denied will be recovered.

The process of filing a legal case against a drawer can go through several stages and the ramifications of a dishonored cheque may vary depending on the response of the drawer and the evidences provided.

  1. Police Authority

A complaint on a bounced cheque may be initially reported to the nearest police station located in the concerned Emirate. This requires presentation of relevant documents and evidences. The police authority will automatically issue a warrant of arrest against the drawer. The drawer can respond by settling the case or submitting his passport so that further time may be given for him to provide the amount required. The warrant can be withdrawn after the drawer clears the matter or serves the jail time prescribed.

  1. Public Prosecutor

The case will be forwarded to the Public Prosecutor for further investigations if the parties fail to resolve it at the police station. A report shall be prepared based on the proof provided. To give security to the drawee, the prosecutors can either hold the passport of the drawer or the guarantor or require a payment corresponding to the estimated amount of the cheque. The drawer will be kept in custody until the issuance of the final decision if the bail is denied.

  1. Criminal Court

At the criminal court, the drawer may be convicted based on the evidence provided by the drawee. According to Article 401 of the UAE Penal Code, the punishment can either be a fine ranging from AED 1,000 up to AED 30,000 or imprisonment from one to three years.

There have been recent advancements where the government has stipulated laws to address small claims or petty offences. Such laws, enacted through the “One-day court”, allow small cases of bounced cheques to be given a decision within 24 hours and resolved with a detention sentence. This is now in force in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah and the effectivity in reducing the number of cases processed at the Criminal Courts has been observed. As a result, serious cases have better chances of getting resolved faster as the Criminal Courts now have enough time to deal with them.

In addition, Dubai has come up with a law on “Criminal Orders”, which allows the Public Prosecution to resolve “simple violations” with monetary penalty. The matter will only be transferred to Criminal Courts if there is an objection to the sentence issued and the objection is documented within 7 days of the issuance of the verdict.

An issued cheque worth AED 200,000 and below is classified as a simple offence and will be given a penalty of about AED 5,000 – AED 10,000. This is not punishable by imprisonment in Dubai. Thus, lawyers often advise their clients that when receiving cheques, it would be better if they require an amount higher than AED 200,000 so that in the event of a dishonored cheque, the drawer will be bound to face imprisonment. With such possible punishment, there will be a lesser chance of the drawer not funding the cheque.

If you have received a bounced cheque and would like to know the next steps in getting your investment back, Call Us Today!

Bounced Cheque Law Dubai UAE

Bounced Cheque in Dubai UAE – What you need to know

Rules and Regulations of Bounced Cheque Law in Dubai UAE.

Bank cheque is a tool used by individuals to secure funds, contract business and pay obligations, but not all of them have the ability to fund these cheques and the volume of bounced cheque cases have sky-rocketed over the years.

To address this ever-growing state of affairs, the UAE Government has established a set of rules to guide both the issuer and the recipient of Bounced Cheque.

There are several UAE Laws that can be utilized to protect the recipient of Bounced Cheque and they can be done either in the criminal or civil court. The recipient can file a complaint in the police station against the issuer and the case will be forwarded to the public prosecution and then to the criminal court (under the new rules, the public prosecution, in an effort to adjust with the volume of cases with low-value claims, can now issue criminal orders to sentence offenders of low-value bounced cheque to pay fines rather than endure jail time).

According to a recent study, the UAE Public Prosecution categorized low-value cases like the ones where the bounced cheque amounts less than AED 200,000 hence the only issuer of cheques with an amount more than AED 200,000 are doomed to be sentenced with a jail term.

The recipient can also institute a civil action against the issuer for the amount of the bounced cheque and if the issuer cannot pay the amount, he can be imprisoned for a period corresponding to the unpaid amount.

As for the issuers, particularly for low-value cheques, they can avoid imprisonment by simply paying the fine corresponding to the cheque amount; however, this does not absolve them from paying the obligation when the recipient opted to institute a civil action to collect the amount due through a debt collection service.

For more detailed discussion of the intricacies of the Bounced Cheque Law in the UAE, you may contact Al Reyami Advocates and Muhyealdeen International Legal Consultants.

For Free Legal Consultation, Call Us Today!

bounce cheque law in dubai

Bounced Cheque in UAE

A bounced cheque is considered a crime in UAE and as per new rules instead of jail term there will be fines issued considering bounced cheque as a misdemeanor on the following basis,

– There is no date mentioned
– It is not signed by the drawer
– Does not clearly state the word “cheque”
– Does not specify the amount issued
– If it does not mention drawer and the beneficiary name

The new rule states that a bounced cheque of upto 50,000 will be given a fine of aed 2,000, for cheque between 50,000 to 100,000 will be given a fine of aed 5,000 and lastly for cheque between 100,000 to 200,000 will be given aed 10,000 fine.

A postdated cheque is not considered a crime. However, the cheque will be invalid if the date is not incorporated on the cheque or it contains fake duplicate signature or any sort of mark.

Please note that a bounced cheque crime may not be intentional but still the offence takes place once the cheque has been presented.

If you have received a bounced cheque and want to have your investment back, our debt collection lawyers are available to assist you in recovering your funds/assets.

For Free Legal Consultation, Call Us Today!

cheque law in dubai

Cheques

Cheques in the UAE | Security Cheques | Bounce Cheque Law in Dubai

There has been much discussion relating to the issue of cheques in the UAE, particularly when related to security cheques. Historically, this has been a bone of contention for many where security cheques have been banked where the drawer would contest that it was done so correctly. A cheque can be made ‘conditional’ meaning specific requirements should be met before it can be encashed. If the drawer fails to fulfil any of the required conditions then he or she won’t be able to encash the cheque (note of caution, it will be valid after its due date). Below are some points you should know about cheques,

1- According to new rules, cheques are valid for 6 months from the date of issue.

2- The period to register a ‘bounced’ cheque complaint can be up to 5 years beginning from the day the drawer issued it to the beneficiary.

3- If the holder of the account signs his cheque and leaves it blank for the amount to be drawn and the due date to be entered, they are tacitly authorizing the beneficiary to fill those details in as required.

4- The person signing a company cheque is legally responsible for its validity even after he or she leaves the company.

5- Alteration of cheques is strictly forbidden by banks to avoid fraud.

6- In the event not enough funds are available in the account for the amount of an issued cheque, a request can be made to pay the remaining partial amount to the beneficiary

7- The cheque, if bounced can be considered a criminal act. This includes insufficient funds in the account, deliberately writing the cheque in such a way as to make it invalid, making an order to the bank not to make a payment or issuing a cheque from a closed account.

8- If you lose any of your cheques, you should use the stop payment facility offered by the banks to avoid issues arising from anyone misusing them.

For Free Legal Consultation, Call Us Today!